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2018年成人高考高起专英语考试试题及答案(2)

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2019-07-20 08:48:39 来源:北京成考网
作者:马老师

  IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points)

  Luckily, the back tires of their car stayed on the road. Otherwise, the young couple would have

  driven right into a pit twenty feet wide and thirty feet deep!

  The man and woman were coming home from a party. They were enjoying the landscape aroundSwansea, Wales. Suddenly, they found the front of their car leaning into a huge hole. The car barely hung onto the edge of the pit. It swayed back and forth like the arm of a balance.

  In their precarious position,the couple knew that each movement they made could be a matterof life and death. Slowly, slowly, they edged toward the backseat. Then each opened a back door. An don the count of three,they jumped out together. The accident was so scary that they ran a long way before they calmed down. But later they returned to see what had happened. They found that a big chunk of the road had sunk into the ground! And at the bottom of the pit lay their car--roof down and wheels up.

  Was this mystery of the sunken road ever solved? It turned out that an abandoned mine shaftlay under the road. It had collapsed and taken the pavement with it. Layers of tunnels intersect be-neath the city of Swansea. The tunnels were built so many years ago that no one knows where they end or begin. The tunnels are shaky, like those that ants build in the sand. No one knows when the entire city might collapse.

  36This passage is primarily about __________ .

  A.driving carefullyB.the city of Swansea, WalesC.a road that caved inD.tunnels that ants build

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  本文讲了一对夫妇因道路塌陷而经历的一次险情。C项是正确的。cave in“塌陷”。

  37It is probably true that _________

  A.the other roads in Swansea are pretty safeB.other sections of Swansea will cave in sometimeC.everyone should move out of SwanseaD.Swansea is a very interesting city

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  best后一段指出这座城市的地下有座被遗弃的煤矿,煤矿坑道的倒塌带动了道路的下沉,整座城市随时都会倒塌。B项是正确的。

  38The writer creates interest in the first sentence by using _________

  A.a funny storyB.romantic imageryC.a vivid descriptionD.a precise argument

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  作者在文章的一开始就生动地描述了这对夫妇所处的险情。c项是正确的。

  39The underlined word "precarious" in the third paragraph means _________

  A.unexpectedB.DangerousC.unusualD.ridiculous.

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  第三段整段都在描述这对夫妇的危险境地,他们采取的冒险的自救方式等等,这些都充满了危险。B项是正确的。unexpected“出人意料的”;dangerous“危险的”;unusual“不平常的”;ridiculous“愚蠢的”。

  31第31题应选( )

  A.suchB.allC.manyD.Those

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  such与空格后的as搭配。

  32第32题应选( )

  A.useB.spreadC.coverD.connection

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  根据0ver the radio and television net.works可以确定答案为spread,意思为“语言的传播”。

  33第33题应选( )

  A.citiesB.stationsC.statesD.Nations

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  根据前面句子中的networks“网络”可知应选择nations,指“国家”。其他选项只是国家的部分地区。

  34第34题应选( )

  A.languagesB.populationsC.accentsD.Customs

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  根据British colonies可推测应表示各种“人口”。

  35第35题应选( )

  A.educationB.marketC.collegeD.business参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  market,business包括在commerce中;college包括在education中。

  根据下面内容,回答题:

  Luckily, the back tires of their car stayed on the road. Otherwise, the young couple would have

  driven right into a pit twenty feet wide and thirty feet deep!

  The man and woman were coming home from a party. They were enjoying the landscape aroundSwansea, Wales. Suddenly, they found the front of their car leaning into a huge hole. The car barely hung onto the edge of the pit. It swayed back and forth like the arm of a balance.

  In their precarious position,the couple knew that each movement they made could be a matterof life and death. Slowly, slowly, they edged toward the backseat. Then each opened a back door. An don the count of three,they jumped out together. The accident was so scary that they ran a long way before they calmed down. But later they returned to see what had happened. They found that a big chunk of the road had sunk into the ground! And at the bottom of the pit lay their car--roof down and wheels up.

  Was this mystery of the sunken road ever solved? It turned out that an abandoned mine shaftlay under the road. It had collapsed and taken the pavement with it. Layers of tunnels intersect be-neath the city of Swansea. The tunnels were built so many years ago that no one knows where they end or begin. The tunnels are shaky, like those that ants build in the sand. No one knows when the entire city might collapse.

  36This passage is primarily about __________ .

  A.driving carefullyB.the city of Swansea, WalesC.a road that caved inD.tunnels that ants build

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  本文讲了一对夫妇因道路塌陷而经历的一次险情。C项是正确的。cave in“塌陷”。

  37It is probably true that _________

  A.the other roads in Swansea are pretty safeB.other sections of Swansea will cave in sometimeC.everyone should move out of SwanseaD.Swansea is a very interesting city

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  best后一段指出这座城市的地下有座被遗弃的煤矿,煤矿坑道的倒塌带动了道路的下沉,整座城市随时都会倒塌。B项是正确的。

  38The writer creates interest in the first sentence by using _________

  A.a funny storyB.romantic imageryC.a vivid descriptionD.a precise argument

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  作者在文章的一开始就生动地描述了这对夫妇所处的险情。c项是正确的。

  39The underlined word "precarious" in the third paragraph means _________

  A.unexpectedB.DangerousC.unusualD.ridiculous.

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  第三段整段都在描述这对夫妇的危险境地,他们采取的冒险的自救方式等等,这些都充满了危险。B项是正确的。unexpected“出人意料的”;dangerous“危险的”;unusual“不平常的”;ridiculous“愚蠢的”。

  根据下面内容,回答题:

  Every country has its heroes. They may be soldiers or sports people, doctors or film stars. Weadmire them for their courage, their strength, their devotion to duty or their talent. Their exampleinspires us to live better, to work harder.

  Terry Fox was a young student who loved life and who loved sports. When he was just 18 yearsold a terrible tragedy occurred : his right leg had to be cut off because of cancer. Such an experiencewould have destroyed a weaker person--but Terry Fox was a fighter. He refused to give up. Instead,while he was recovering from the operation, an idea slowly formed in his mind. He decided he wouldrun across Canada--in order to raise money for cancer research.

  Slowly and carefully, he began to train. Every step was extremely painful, but he insisted,increasing the distance covered day by day. Sixteen months later, in the spring of 1980,he was readyfor the long journey across Canada--his Marathon of Hope. It was a time of inspiration and heart-breaking emotion. Through television, every home saw his distinctive style of rnnning a kind of half-hop and half-run. Thousands of people lined the route to encourage him and to wish him well.They also gave money to fight cancer. Then, on September 1st,1980, after 143 days and more than5,000 kilometers completed,everything came tragically to an end. Terry had to stop.,He lived on foranother nine months and died on June 28th,1981. He was almost 23.

  48Terry Fox was a_________

  A.studentB.movie starC.soldierD.Sportsman

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  文中第二段一句话“Terry Fox wasa young student...”给出了答案。

  49What idea was gradually formed in Terry's mind during his recovering stage?

  A.Earning money.B.Cutting off the other leg.C.Running across the country.D.Exercising hard.

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  根据文中第二段best后两句“...anidea slowly formed...He decided he would run Terry Fox的做法是赞美的、钦佩的。

  50Terry Fox ran his journey_________

  A.with thousands of people supporting himB.without raising any moneyC.with few people watching him on TVD.with his teachers and classmates following him

  ...

  参考答案:A

  51The author's attitude to Terry Fox is_________

  A.sympatheticB.jealousC.indifferentD.admiring

  参考答案:C

  根据下面内容,回答题:

  Researchers have found that REM (rapid eye movement)sleep is important to human beings.This type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep lasting five minutes toforty minutes for each occurrence. The deeper a person's sleep becomes, the longer the periods ofrapid eye movement.

  There are physical changes in the body to show that a person has changed from NREM (non-rapid eye movement)to REM sleep. Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate increases, and, as thename implies, the eyes begin to move quickly.

  Accompanying these physical changes in the body there is a very important characteristic of

  REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that a person dreams.

  52According to the passage,how often does REM sleep occur in one night?

  A.Once.B.Twice.C.Four or five times.D.Forty times.

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  根据文中一段第二句的提示,可知REM一晚上发生四到五次。

  53The word "deeper" in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _________

  A.heavierB.louderC.strongerD.happier

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  文中的deeper指“人睡得深,睡得沉”,可以用heavier代替。

  54Which of the following shows that a person is NOT dreaming in his sleep?

  A.His eyes begin to move.B.His breathing becomes faster.C.His heart rate increases.D.His eyes stop moving.

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  根据文中第二段的提示,可知D项不是做梦的特征。

  55Which of the following is the best title of the article?

  A.REM SleepB.Two Types of SleepC.SleepersD.What Happens to Sleepers

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  文章主要讲述了人们在睡眠时的REM阶段的情况。

  V. Daily Conversation ( 15 points)

  根据下面内容,回答题:

  Gary:Dear,I have to go to the office early today. Can you take Sally to school?

  Ada:Sure. Want me to give you a ride?

  Gary:No, forget it. 56 . It's very quick. I'll pick Sally up this afternoon. You can just come horr after work.

  Ada: OK. Oh, I almost forgot. 57 . I've made an evening appointment with Mr. Steven to tall about our next project.

  Gary:Oh, I see. 58 . Hurry Sally up a little. She hasn't even had her breakfast yet. Ada: OK. 59 . Love you,honey

  Gary : I love you,too.6.0love you,too. 60

  56第56题应填( )

  参考答案:H

  57第57题应填( )

  参考答案:D

  58第58题应填( )

  参考答案:B

  59第59题应填( )

  参考答案:G

  60第60题应填( )

  参考答案:A

  VI. Writing (25 points)

  61假设你是Matt Hand,在报上看到一则招聘广告,正符合你的情况,于是写信求职。广告要点:

  (1)招聘对象:有计算机工程(engineeing学历的工程师;

  (2)条件:有两年以上计算机工程工作经验;年龄在22~30岁之间;身体健康。注意:地址和招聘单位名称可自编。

  参考解析:

  1073,Green Street

  Atchison,Kansas,66002

  March l0,2012

  P.O.Box 2035

  Clare Corporation,Ltd.

  Dear Sirs,

  I read your advertisement in yesterday’S paper.I think I am the best person fit for the position.

  I'm 23 years old.I graduated from Boston University two years ago.My major at university was computer engi—neering.After graduation l worked as a computer engineer in a big company for two years.Now I have enough expe-fience in this field.And I'm very interested in it.

  I like sports and I am in good health.I like hard work.I’m sure I can do your iob well if I can become a member of your company.

  I'm looking forward to your reply.

  Very sincerely yours,

  Matt Hand

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